Wednesday, November 02, 2005

Yves Congar

Yves Congar

Yves Marie Joseph Cardinal Congar (April 8, 1904-June 22,1995) was a French Dominican priest and theologian. He is one of the most influential theologians of the 20th century on the topic of the Church and ecumenism and influenced also the thinking of Pope John Paul II from the year 1946 onwards. Very active in the ecumenical movement and the first Catholic to seriously contribute to that scholarly discussion, Congar was once removed from teaching or publishing for a time by the Vatican. He published work on wide ranging topics, including Mary, the Eucharist, lay ministry and the Holy Spirit, as well as his diaries from his experiences during Vatican II. He was elevated to cardinal in 1994.

Yves Fortier

L. Yves Fortier (born 1935) is a Canadian trial lawyer, businessman, and diplomat.

Born in Quebec City, he received his B.A. from the Université de Montréal in 1955, his B.C.L. from McGill University in 1958, and his B.Litt. from Oxford University, as a Rhodes Scholar, in 1960. In 1961, he was called to the Quebec Bar.

From 1984 to 1989, he was a member of the Permanent Court of Arbitration. From 1988 to 1992, he was Canada's Ambassador and Permanent Representative to the United Nations. From 1989 until 1990, he was also Canada's Representative to the UN Security Council and in October 1989 was the President of the Security Council. From 1998 to 2001, he served as President of the London Court of International Arbitration.

He is Chairman and Senior Partner of the Ogilvy Renault law firm and Chairman of the Board of Directors of Alcan Inc.

In 1984 he was made an Officer of the Order of Canada and was promoted to Companion in 1991.

Yves Fremion

Yves Fremion (born 1940) is a French author and former editor of the French science fiction magazine Univers. He has also edited a number of anthologies and has worked for the comic and humour magazine Fluide Glacial.

He is a member of the French Green Party and is a former member of the European Parliament.


* L'hétéradelphe de Gane (winner Prix Rosny-Aîné 1990)
* Les nouveaux petits-miquets
* Octobre, octobres
* Rêves de sable, châteaux de sang
* Ronge

Yves Giraud Cabantous

Yves Giraud Cabantous was a Formula One driver from France. He participated in 13 grands prix, debuting on May 13, 1950. He scored a total of 5 championship points.

Complete Formula One results

(Note: grands prix in bold denote points scoring races.)
Yr Team 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 Team

Yves Guyot

Yves Guyot (September 6, 1843 - 1928), French politician and economist was born at Dinan.

Educated al Rennes, he took up the profession of journalism, coming to Paris in 1867. He was for a short period editor-in-chief of L'Independant du midi of Nîmes, but joined the staff of Le Rappel on its foundation, and worked subsequently on other journals.

He took an active part in municipal life, and waged a keen campaign against the prefecture of police, for which hi suffered six months' imprisonment. He entered the chamber of deputies in 1885 as representative of the first arrondissement of Paris and was rap porleur general of the budget of 1888. He became minister of public works under the premiership of PE Tirard in 1889, retaining his portfolio in the cabinet of CL de Freycinet until 1892.

Although of strong liberal views, he lost his seat in the election of 1893 owing to his militant attitude against socialism. An uncompromising free-trader, he published the following works:

* La Comédie protectionniste (1905; Eng. trans. The Comedy of Protection)
* La Science économique (1st ed. 1881; 3rd ed. 1907)
* La Prostitution (1882)
* La Tyrannie socialiste (1893), all three translated into English
* Les Conflits du travail et leur solution (1903)
* La Democratic individualiste (1907).

This article incorporates text from the public domain 1911 Encyclopædia Britannica.

Yves Klein

Yves Klein (28 April 1928 - 6 June 1962) was a French artist.

Klein was born in Nice. Both his parents were painters. He lived in Japan for a time, becoming an expert in judo, before settling in Paris and beginning to exhibit his work there. Many of these early paintings were monochrome and in a variety of colours.

By the late 1950s, Klein's monochrome works were almost exclusively in a deep blue hue which he eventually patented as International Klein Blue (IKB, =PB29, =CI 77007). As well as conventionally made paintings, in a number of works Klein had naked female models covered in blue paint dragged across or laid upon canvases to make the image, using the models as brushes. Sometimes the creation of these paintings was turned into a kind of performance art - an event in 1960, for example, had an audience dressed in formal evening wear watching the models go about their task while an instrumental ensemble played Klein's The Monotone Symphony (, which consisted of a single sustained note.

Klein also made sculptures in deep blue, and worked with fire, creating some sculptures using it, and setting fire to some of his canvases, thus making scorched holes in them.

Klein is also well known for a photograph, Saut dans le vide (Leap into the Void), which apparently shows him jumping off a wall, arms outstretched, towards the pavement. Klein used the photograph as evidence of his oft-mentioned unaided lunar travel. In fact, "Saut dans le vide" was published as part of a broadside on the part of Klein (the "artist of space") denouncing NASA's own lunar expeditions as hubris and folly.

Klein is considered an important figure in post-war European neo-Dadaism. He engaged in such provocations as "publishing" a chapbook containing only empty pages and selling empty spaces in exchange for gold which he then threw into the river Seine.

Klein died in Paris of a heart attack.

See also

* International Klein Blue

External links

* Klein at Art Minimal Conceptual Only (
* Yves Klein: Selected Writings, 1928-1962 (

Yves Langlois

There are three "Yves Langlois" on the public scene in Canada: one is a film director, the second is a film editor, and the third has been a member of the Front de Libération du Quebec (FLQ). This article discusses the third.

Yves Langlois, a.k.a. Pierre Seguin, born in 1947, was a member of the Quebec terrorist group calling themselves the Front de Libération du Quebec (FLQ) and responsible for terrorist operations during the 1970s in Quebec.

He was arrested in France for possession of illegal firearms and served 2 years in a French prison, where he may have learned the skills he later used in bomb-making, assassination and kidnapping. In August of 1970, he and other terrorists from Quebec traveled to Jordan to train with Palestinian commandos. At the same time, members of their group in Montreal announced they would begin a policy of "selective assassination."

Langlois was a member of the Liberation Cell of the FLQ that kidnapped James Cross, the British Trade Commissioner to Canada, triggering the 1970 October Crisis. The Liberation Cell threatened to execute Cross, making demands that included money and the release of other convicted terrorists. The kidnappers eventually negotiated Cross's release without achieving any of their goals except safe passage out of Canada for themselves: Langlois and four others were granted refuge in Cuba. However, in 1974, a report from the Canadian embassy in Paris, France indicated that Langlois was living in Paris.

Langlois returned to Quebec in June of 1982. He was arrested and charged for his crimes and on September 27, 1982 he was sentenced to two years in prison less one day for his part in the kidnapping of James Cross. On July 19, 1983—less than one year later—he was released on parole.

Yves Lessard

Yves Lessard (born January 2, 1943 in Saint-Blaise-de-Barville, Quebec) is a Canadian politician. From 2001 to 2004, Lessard served as a city councillor in Saint-Basile-le-Grand, Quebec. In the Canadian federal election, 2004 he was elected into the Canadian House of Commons as the Bloc Québécois candidate in Chambly—Borduas. A businessman and union adviser, Lessard is the current Bloc critic of Human Resources and Skills Development.

Yves Leterme

Yves Leterme (Wervik, 6 October 1960) is the current prime minister of Flanders. At the same time, he also serves as Flemish Minister of Agriculture and Fisheries.

Before entering national politics, Leterme served as an auditor at the Rekenhof. He then became adjunct and then national secretary of the CVP until he resigned to become a civil servant with the European Union. In 1997 he went on indefinate leave in that function when he was appointed Member of the Belgian Parliament. He is a member of the city council of Ieper since 1995. He served as alderman of Ieper from 1995 to 2001.

He was appointed to the Belgian House of Representatives in 1997, elected in 1999 and 2003. After the defeat of the CD in the general elections of 2003, he succeeded Stefaan De Clercq as party chairman. He served as chairman until he resigned after the regional elections of 2004 to become Flemish Prime Minister.

Yves Meyer

Yves Meyer (born 19 July 1939) is a French mathematician and scientist and a foremost expert on wavelets. He is the author of numerous books and articles in the field, notably Wavelets and Operators.

Meyer is a professor at the Université Paris-Dauphine and a member of the Académie des Sciences.

Yves Michaud

Yves Michaud, born February 13, 1930 in Acton Vale, near Saint-Hyacinthe, Quebec, Canada is a prominent sovereignist public figure and member of the Parti Québécois.

In 1959, Michaud received a Canada Council grant to study journalism in France at the Université de Strasbourg. He then began a career as a journalist for the Clairon in Saint-Hyacinthe. He was later chief editor of La Patrie and also had a chronicle for the magazine Sept jours.

He joined the ranks of the Liberal Party of Quebec and was elected in the Gouin riding in the 1966 Quebec election, which the Liberals lost. He became friends with fellow Liberals René Lévesque and Robert Bourassa, who would both later become premiers of Quebec.

He joined the Parti Québécois and was defeated as a candidate in the 1970 election and the 1973 Quebec election. He returned to journalism at Le Jour, a newspaper that shut down in 1976.

In 1979, he was in charge of the Quebec Government House of Paris.

Robin Hood of the Banks

Sometimes called Robin des banques (Robin Hood of the banks), Yves Michaud is known by the people of Quebec for his crusade against the practices of large corporations. In 1993, he founded the Association des petits épargnants et investisseurs du Québec (Association of small savers and investors) and won a number of victories in court.

The Michaud Affair

Main article: Michaud Affair

Yves Michaud was at the centre of the so-called Michaud Affair during 2000, in Quebec. It was a political scandal that revolved mostly around his comments about the Jewish people and Lionel Groulx and the B'nai B'rith's reaction. One recollection of his comments, amongst other things, was that he stated that the Jewish people had suffered, but that other peoples had also endured great tragedies. ("The Jews weren't the only people to have suffered.") However, as the affair went along, due notably to Michaud's open defense of Quebecker/French-Canadian ethnic nationalism, he was growingly portrayed by some as an antisemite and denier of the Shoah, which he has always categorically said he was not. It culminated in a Motion of Blame from the National Assembly of Quebec. Lucien Bouchard is also said to have been influenced by the weight of the affair (which received extremely negative coverage in the international press) to leave his function of premier of Quebec in 2001 (although he did not admit it). Michaud still fights to this day for recognition of the Motion of Blame as an "antidemocratic mistake".

The Michaud Affair reawoke the bitter, very emotive and controversial divisions within the Parti Quebecois between proponents of "linguistic nationalism" (soft nationalists, aka "nationalistes mous") versus "ethnic nationalism" (hard liners, aka "purs et durs"). This divide also reflects the contrasting PQ-envisioned "ideal Quebec society" between its more Social-democratic ideological pole versus traditional "race or ethnic"-based nationalism within the party.

This Affair must be interpreted in the context of long standing historical tensions between some more radical factions within the Quebec nationalist movement and the English-speaking and Jewish communities of Quebec ("anglophones"), which can be allegorically compared to the Marxist manichean analogy of "class war" (i.e. French secular/catholic Quebeckers vs English protestant/jewish Quebeckers).

Consequently, whereas most members of the Jewish and English speaking community, and the general media, consider Michaud's allegations to lean towards antisemitism, Michaud supporters within the PQ and the sovereignist movement generally accuse the Michaud Affair to be the result of censorship and defamation against the "ethnic Quebecker" minority and its "rightful quest for political independence and autonomy". This questions is extremely emotive for both the PQ's more radical ethnic-nationalist supporters and the more radical Anglophone federalists of Quebec.

Considering the emotions evolved on both sides of the issue, objective analysis of the Michaud Affair remains an open question as most analysts still interested in the question are emotionally involved. Some less-involved observers in the media have expressed the view that although Michaud's comments were borderline and controversial as they could be interpreted as banalization of the Shoah, the comparisons made by his accusers to notable antisemites like Ernst Zundel were excessive and exaggerated Michaud's intent.


It's never the same for them. So I said: it is not the same? The Armenians did not suffer, the Palestinians did not suffer, the Rwandans did not suffer. It's always (just) you. You are the only people who suffered in the history of humanity.

After that, I was fed up. And here we are, I am completely indignant... that some suggested to rename the metro station [named after] [Quebec historian and nationalist] Lionel Groulx, who was the spiritual father of two generations of Quebecers and is almost a Quebec idol.

It's the B'nai B'rith that did that, which was the extremist phalange... There has been world Zionism...

See also

* Sovereigntist events and strategies
* Quebec sovereigntism

External link

* National Assembly biography ( (in French)

Yves Montand

Yves Montand (October 13, 1921 – November 9, 1991) was a French/Italian actor, born Ivo Livi in Monsummano Alto, Italy. Shortly after his birth, Montand's family left Italy for France. (Later, when they applied for French citizenship, his father pretended that they did so in order to escape Mussolini's regime, in fact they emigrated in 1921, whereas Mussolini didn't come into power until 1922.) Montand came to grow up in Marseille, where as a young man he worked in his sister's barber shop, and later on the docks. He began a career in show business as a music-hall singer. In 1944 he was discovered by Edith Piaf in Paris and she made him part of her act, becoming his mentor and lover. He would go on to international recognition, starring in numerous films. In 1951 Montand married the actress Simone Signoret, and they co-starred in several films throughout their respective careers. The marriage was by all accounts was fairly harmonious, lasting until her death in 1985, although Montand had a number of well-publicised affairs. During his career he acted in a number of American motion pictures as well as on Broadway. He was nominated for a Cesar Award for "Best Actor" in 1980 for the film "I comme Icare" and again in 1984 for "Garçon !" In 1986, after his international box-office draw power had fallen off considerably, the 65-year-old Montand gave one of his most memorable performances as the scheming uncle in the two-part film: Jean de Florette co-starring Gerard Depardieu and Manon des Sources co-starring Emmanuelle Béart. The film was a world-wide critical hit and raised Montand's profile somewhat in the US, which he took in stride, making an appearance on the David Letterman program. His only child, Valentin Montand, the son of his assistant Carole Amiel, was born in 1988. In his later years, he maintained a home in Provence until his death. He is buried in the Père Lachaise Cemetery, Paris, France. In 2004, his stepdaughter Catherine Allégret (Simone Signoret's daughter from her first marriage) published a book titled World Upside Down where she contended that Montand had abused her sexually since she was five years old. Filmography, as actor, includes * IP5 (1991) * Jean de Florette (1986) * Manon des Sources (1986) * Garçon ! (1983) * I comme Icare (1979) * Le Fond de L'air Est Rouge (1977) * Vincent, François, Paul...Et les Autres (1974) * État de Siège (1973) * César et Rosalie (1972) * Tout va Bien (1972) * L'Aveu (1970) * Le Cercle Rouge (1970) * L'Aveu (1969) * Z (1968) * Vivre pour Vivre (1967) * Grand Prix (1966) * La Guerre est finie (1966) * Compartiment tueurs (1965) * La Grande Strada Azzurra (1957) * Le Salaire de la Peur (1953) * Les Portes de la Nuit (1946)
  1. Cinema Links on Italway - Link collection to various film festivals, movie directors, actor, actress, general interest, and cult film sites, not necessarily Italian. -- Arts: Movies: Directories (1)

  2. MSN Learning & Research: Mastroianni, Marcello - Microsoft Encarta entry for Marcello Mastroianni (1923-1996), internationally renowned Italian motion-picture actor. -- Arts: People: M: Mastroianni, Marcello (1)

  3. Tomasini, Ernesto - Musical theatre actor and cabaret artist of Italian origin, now of London, offers his biography, quotes, news, and contact information. -- Arts: Performing Arts: Acting: Actors and Actresses: T (1)

  4. World Italy on Stage - Group of musicians and theatrical actors performing across the world to promote Italian culture abroad. List of artists and past concerts and performances, contact information. -- Regional: Europe: Italy: Arts and Entertainment: Music (1)

  5. Shakespeare's Italy - Accompany a classical actor/singer and visit the Italian cities in which Shakespeare set his plays. -- Recreation: Travel: Specialty Travel: Arts: Italy (1)

  6. Modena Theatre Workshop - Feel the Theatre - A brilliant company of Italian actors performing in English only for pleasure and entertainment. Information on the cast and upcoming plays. -- Arts: Performing Arts: Theatre: Troupes and Companies: Europe: Italy (1)

  7. Animaniacs Home Page - Image galleries, fan art and fiction, voice actor information, and merchindise collection. Mostly in Italian. -- Arts: Animation: Cartoons: Titles: A: Animaniacs: Fan Pages (1)

Yves Prévost

Yves Prévost (July 11 1908 - November 27 1997) served as interim leader of the Union Nationale and leader of the Opposition in the Legislative Assembly of Quebec from September 1960 to January 1961, after Union Nationale leader and former Premier Antonio Barrette lost the 1960 Quebec election and resigned his seat and the UN leadership a few months later. In January 1961 he was replaced as interim UN leader and leader of the Opposition by Antonio Talbot, and he did not run in the 1962 election. See also * Politics of Quebec * List of Quebec general elections * List of Quebec leaders of the Opposition * Timeline of Quebec history External links
  1. Union nationale des associations de défense des familles et de l'individu (UNADFI) - Centre d'accueil, d'étude et de documentation sur les mouvements sectaires. Informations et prévention sur le thème des sectes. -- World: Français: Régional: Europe: France: Société: Associations et organisations (14)

  2. UNPI Union Nationale de la Propriété Immobilière - Présentation de son organisation. Conseils aux propriétaires immobiliers. -- World: Français: Régional: Europe: France: Commerce et économie: Immobilier: Organisations professionnelles (5)

  3. Union Nationale Interprofessionnelle du Cheval - A nonprofit organization designed to help any professional who wishes to purchase a horse in France and to provide information on a specific horse. Contains list of breeds, calendar of events, and information on vocational training. -- Sports: Equestrian: Breeds (1)

  4. Union des Caisses Nationales de Sécurité Sociale (UCANSS) - Cet organisme assure les tâches d'intérêt commun pour les caisses nationales(CNAM, CNAV, CNAF et ACOSS). Présentation de ses missions et activités. -- World: Français: Régional: Europe: France: Société: Protection sociale (3)

  5. Union Nationale des Mutualités Libres - Présentation des services offerts. Informations pratiques pour l'assuré. Nombreuses possibilités de recherche et outils en ligne. -- World: Français: Régional: Europe: Belgique: Santé: Santé publique: Mutualités (4)

  6. UNFP - Union Nationale des Footballeurs Professionnels - Présentation de cette association chargée de défendre les intérêts des footballeurs professionnels. Donne la liste des joueurs sans club. -- World: Français: Régional: Europe: France: Sports et loisirs: Sports: Balles et ballons: Football (4)

  7. Union féminine civique et sociale (UFCS) - L'association féminine nationale de consommateurs présente ses actions qui s'articulent autour de trois domaines : le civisme et la citoyenneté, la défense et la responsabilisation du consommateur, l'insertion sociale et professionnelle. France. -- World: Français: Société: Associations et organisations: Défense des consommateurs (2)

  8. Panorama des 15 premiers pays membres de l'Union Européenne - Informations géographiques, touristiques, politiques, démographiques et caractéristiques nationales de chaque état membre. -- Kids and Teens: International: Français: Scolaire: Sciences humaines et sociales: Géographie (1)

  9. Union nationale des maisons familiales et rurales - Objectifs : concourir à l'éducation, à la formation des adolescents et des adultes, à leur insertion professionnelle. Présentation, liste des maisons, pédagogie et actualités. -- World: Français: Sciences: Agriculture: Enseignement et formation: France (2)

  10. Union nationale des associations de défense des familles et de l'individu (UNADFI) - Centre d'accueil, d'étude et de documentation sur les mouvements sectaires. Informations et prévention sur ce thème. France. -- World: Français: Société: Religion et spiritualité: Opinions divergentes (2)

Yves Robert

Yves Robert (June 21, 1920 – May 10, 2002) was a French actor, screenwriter, director, and producer. Born in Saumur, Maine-et-Loire, in his teens Robert went to Paris to pursue a career in acting, starting with unpaid parts on stage in the city's various theatre workshops. To support himself, he worked at a variety of jobs including that of a typesetter at a print shop. In 1949 he made his motion picture debut with one of the secondary roles in the film, Les Dieux du dimanche. Within a few years, Robert was writing scripts, directing, and producing. Yves Robert's directorial efforts included several successful comedies for which he had written the screenplay. His 1961 film, La Guerre des boutons won France's Prix Jean Vigo and 1972's Le Grand blond avec une chaussure noire plus 1976's Un éléphant ça trompe énormément earned him international acclaim. The following year he directed another comedy, Nous irons tous au paradis, which was nominated for a César Award for Best Film. In 1990, Robert directed two dramatic films, My Mother's Castle (Le Château de ma mère) and My Father's Glory (La Gloire de mon Père). Based on novels by Marcel Pagnol, they were jointly voted "Best Film" at the Seattle International Film Festival. Over his career Yves Robert directed twenty-three feature-length motion pictures, wrote an equal number of scripts, and acted in more than seventy-five films. Robert married pianist and actress Danièle Delorme in 1956 who partnered with him in a film production company. They remained married until his death in Paris in May of 2002 from a cerebral hemorrhage. That month's Cannes Film Festival paid homage to his contribution to French film. External link

  1. Bresson, Robert - Article from Bright Lights Film Journal examines the work of the seminal French director. -- Arts: Movies: Filmmaking: Directing: Directors: B (2)

  2. Rachid Deriche - Research Director at INRIA (French National Institute for Research in Computer Science and Control). -- Computers: Artificial Intelligence: Vision (1)

  3. Patrice Leconte - Short article looks at the French director's early work in comic strip animation. -- Arts: Movies: Filmmaking: Directing: Directors: L: Leconte, Patrice (2)

  4. VCU French Film Festival - New French films presented and discussed by their directors and actors at the Virginia Commonwealth University in Richmond. History, resources, submission information, and links. -- Arts: Movies: Cultures and Groups: French: Film Festivals (1)

  5. Guardian Unlimited Film - Ocean's Eleven - Philip French reviews the movie by the director Steven Soderbergh. --,4267,651378,00.html Arts: Movies: Titles: O: Ocean's Eleven - 2001 (1)

  6. Antonin Artaud (1895-1948) - A biography of the French actor, director, theoretician and playwright; and an analysis of his 'Theater of Cruelty'. -- Arts: Literature: Authors: A: Artaud, Antonin (1)

  7. Costa, Ricardo - Biography and filmography for the European film director and producer. View site in English, Portuguese, or French. -- Arts: Movies: Filmmaking: Directing: Directors: C (1)

  8. Ozon, Francois - Official website of French director offering news, pictures, interviews and clips. French or English. -- Arts: Movies: Filmmaking: Directing: Directors: O (1)

  9. Powell, Michael - Filmography and information about the director of Peeping Tom. Site is in French and English. -- Arts: Movies: Filmmaking: Directing: Directors: P (1)

  10. Rohmer, Eric - Thoughts and links about the French film director.

Yves Rocard

Yves-André Rocard (born Vannes May 22 1903; died Paris March 16 1992) was a French physicist who helped develop the atomic bomb for France.

After obtaining a double doctorate in mathematics (1927) and physics (1928) he was awarded the professorship in electronic

physics at the École normale supérieure in Paris.

As a member of a Resistance group during the Second World War he flew toEngland in a small plane as part of a dangerous mission, and was able to provide Britishintelligence with invaluable information. There he met up with Charles de Gaulle whonamed him Director of Research in the Forces Navales Françaises Libres (the Navy of Free France).

He became particularly interested in the detection of solar radio emissions by English Radar, which were causing military problems by jamming detection during periods of high emission,and was able to create a new radio navigational beam station.

After the war, he returned to France and became head of the physics department at the ENS. Whilst there he founded a radio observatory, having obtained two German "Wurzburg" Radar mirrors from the war.

From 1947 he became scientific advisor to the French military on the subject of atomic energy, eventually taking over from Frédéric Joliot-Curie after his dismissal. In 1951, he became scientific head of the programme that eventually led to the development of nuclear arms, and is often known as the father of the French A-Bomb and H-bomb.

Later in his career he studied subjects ranging from semiconductors to seismology. Eventually his professional reputation became tarnished by his increased research in less conventional subjects such as biomagnetism, dowsing and UFOs.

He was awarded the British CBE (1946), and the French Legion of Honour and Order of Merit.

He is the father of Michel Rocard, prime minister of France between 1988 and 1991.


Yves Saint-Laurent

Yves Henri Donat Mathieu Saint Laurent (born August 1, 1936 in Oran, Algeria) is a French fashion designer. Early career Born to insurance-company manager Charles Saint Laurent and his socialite wife, Lucienne Mathieu, members of a family from Alsace-Lorraine that settled in North Africa during the Franco-Prussian War, Saint Laurent left home at the age of 17 to work for the designer Christian Dior. Following the death of Dior in 1957, Saint-Laurent at the age of 21 was put in charge of effort of saving the Dior house from financial ruin. Saint-Laurent's designs together, with his lover Pierre Bergé's financial acumen, helped save the firm. The couple split romantically in 1976 but remained business partners. Military service Shortly after this success he was conscripted to serve in the French army during the Algerian war of independence. After 20 days the stress of being hazed by fellow soldiers led the fragile Saint Laurent to be institutionalized in a French mental hospital, where he underwent psychiatric treatment, including electroshock therapy, for a nervous breakdown. The House of Yves Saint-Laurent In the wake of his nervous breakdown, Saint Laurent was released from Dior and started his own label with the now-famous initials of YSL. During the 1960s and 1970s the firm popularized fashion trends such as the beatnik look, tweed suits, tight pants and tall, thigh-high boots. Among his muses were Loulou de La Falaise, the daughter of a French marquis and an Anglo-Irish fashion model, and Betty Catroux, the half-Brazilian daughter of an American diplomat and wife of a French decorator. In 1993, the Saint Laurent fashion house was sold to the pharmaceuticals company Sanofi for approximately $600,000,000. In 1999 Gucci bought the YSL brand and Tom Ford designed the ready-to-wear collection while Saint-Laurent designed the haute couture collection. Since his retirement in 1998 Saint-Laurent has become increasingly reclusive and has spent a much of his time at his house in Marrakech, Morocco. In 2002, dogged by years of poor health, drug abuse, depression, alcoholism, criticisms of YSL designs, and problems with lead designer Tom Ford, Saint-Laurent and Gucci closed the illustrious design house of YSL. While the house no longer exists the brand still survives through its parent company Gucci. See also * Couturier * Tom Ford * Gucci * LVMH References * Pierre Berge (1997). Yves Saint Laurent: The Universe of Fashion. Rizzoli. ISBN 0789300672 * Alice Rawsthorn (1996). Yves Saint Laurent Nan A. Talese. ISBN 0385476450 * Infoplease article ( * Biography of Yves Saint Laurent ( /> * Yves Saint Laurent shuts its doors (—BBC World October 31, 2002 * All About Yves (— Jim Leherer News Hour January 16,2002 By Jessica Moore * Yves Saint Laurent announces retirement (—CNN January 7, 2002 * All About Yves: As the incomparable Yves Saint Laurent celebrates his 40th anniversary as a coutourier, the world salutes his genius. (—Julie K.L. Dam, Time Magazine, August 3 1998.
  1. Jekatex BV - The Netherlands. Design and manufacture of Gothic clothing, streetwear, women's fashion, and garment accessories. Also, distributors and manufacturers representatives. English, Dutch, German and French. -- Business: Consumer Goods and Services: Clothing (17)

  2. Induyco Group - Spain. Group of textile manufacturing companies. Brand name collections of woven and knitted sports wear and casual wear for men, women and children. Also, uniforms and workwear, and leather fashion. [English, Spanish, Portuguese, French] -- Business: Consumer Goods and Services: Clothing (17)

  3. Tannerie Remy Carriat - France. Chrome and vegetable tanned, drum dyed and finished bull and buffalo leathers for fashion, footwear and accessories. English and French. -- Business: Textiles and Nonwovens: Leathers (3)

  4. Fashion Textile Web Expo - Comprehensive collection of web site directories related to the global textile and apparel industries. Home fashions, garments and accessories. Machinery, equipment and general supplies. Contractors and buying offices. Communication, media and trade shows. English and French. -- Business: Textiles and Nonwovens: Directories (2)

  5. Pilpintu Design - Spain. Patterns design studio for home textiles, fashion and stationnery paper. Sample collections. English, Spanish and French. -- Business: Textiles and Nonwovens: Textiles: Design (3)

  6. Karim Ramzi - Karim is a French-Moroccan Fashion and Portrait photographer based in Paris, France. -- Business: Arts and Entertainment: Photography: Photographers: Fashion: Europe (3)

  7. FCUK: French Connection UK - Fashion retail chain for men and women. Store locations, online shopping and catalogue available. -- Regional: Europe: United Kingdom: Business and Economy: Shopping: Clothing (2)

  8. Riedel Tietz Textil GmbH - Germany. Standard and specialty, jacquard knitted fabrics for the garment and home textiles industries, from cotton, viscose, microfiber, polyester and blends. Also, technical textiles for the automotive and fashion industries. Lists of global agents and trade fairs. On-line job offerings. English, German, Italian, French and Spanish. -- Business: Textiles and Nonwovens: Textiles: Fabrics: Knitted Fabrics (2)

  9. Julien Faure Co - France. Jacquard woven ribbons and fancy fabrics for fashion and home furnishing applications. Patent protected designs from in-house studio. English and French. -- Business: Textiles and Nonwovens: Textiles: Fabrics: Narrow Fabrics (2)

  10. Clerici Tessuto Corp - USA. Vertically integrated group of textile manufacturing companies. Design and manufacture of woven fabrics for bridal wear applications, from silk. Also, ready to wear garments and fashion accessories. English, Spanish, French, Italian, Portuguese and German. -- Business: Textiles and Nonwovens: Textiles: Fabrics: Natural Blends: Silk (2)

Yves Tanguy

Raymond Georges Yves Tanguy (January 5, 1900January 15, 1955) was a surrealist painter. He was born in Paris, France, the son of a retired navy captain. His parents were both of Breton origin. After his father's death in 1908, his mother moved back to her native Locronan, Finistère, and he ended up spending much of his youth living with various relatives.

In 1918, Yves Tanguy briefly joined the merchant navy before being drafted into the Army, where he befriended Jacques Prévert. At the end of his military service in 1922, he returned to Paris, where he worked various odd jobs. By chance, he stumbled upon a painting by Giorgio de Chirico and was so deeply impressed he resolved to become a painter himself in spite of his complete lack of formal training.

Through his friend Jacques Prévert, Tanguy was introduced about 1924 into the circle of surrealist artists around André Breton. Tanguy quickly began to develop his own unique painting style, giving his first solo exhibition in Paris in 1927, and marrying his first wife later that same year.

Throughout the 1930s, Tanguy adopted the bohemian lifestyle of the struggling artist with gusto, leading eventually to the failure of his first marriage. In 1938, after seeing the work of fellow artist Kay Sage, Tanguy began a relationship with her that would eventually lead to his second marriage.

With the outbreak of World War II, Sage moved back to her native New York, and Tanguy, judged unfit for military service, followed her. He would spend the rest of his life in the United States. Sage and Tanguy were married in Reno, Nevada on August 17, 1940. Toward the end of the war, the couple moved to Woodbury, Connecticut, converting an old farmhouse into an artists' studio. They spent the rest of their lives there.

In January 1955, Tanguy suffered a stroke at Woodbury, and died from it; his body was cremated. Preserved until Sage's death in 1963, his ashes were scattered by his friend Pierre Matisse on the beach at Douarnenez in his beloved Brittany, together with those of his wife.

Yves Tanguy's paintings have a unique, immediately recognizable style of nonrepresentational surrealism. They show vast, abstract landscapes, mostly in a tightly limited palette of colors, only occasionally showing flashes of contrasting color accents. Typically, these alien landscapes are populated with various abstract shapes, sometimes angular and sharp as shards of glass, sometimes with an intriguingly organic look to them, like giant amoeba suddenly turned to stone.

Selected list of works

Yvette Brind'Amour

Yvette Brind'Amour (1918April 4, 1992) was a Quebec actor.

In 1949, she co-founded, with Mercedes Palomino, the Théâtre du Rideau Vert, Quebec oldest French theatre, in Montreal where she was born. She was artistic director until her death.

In 1967 she was made an Officer of the Order of Canada and was promoted to Companion in 1982. In 1985 she was made an Officer of the National Order of Quebec. In 1987 she was awarded the Molson Prize. In 1969 she was awarded an honourary D.B.-A from University of Ottawa.

  1. Sky High Entertainment - Company from Quebec City specializing in producing large format films for all ages. -- Arts: Movies: Filmmaking: Film Formats: Large Format: Studios (1)

  2. Hemmerick, Ken - Details the films for which this Montreal, Quebec, musician has composed music scores. Two films: "Distant Islands" and "The Magic Quilt" are available, from the National Film Board of Canada. -- Arts: Music: Composition: Composers: Contemporary: H (1)

  3. Stargate SG-1 Quebec - Le film, la série, guide des épisodes, la biographie des acteurs, des images. -- World: Français: Actualité: Télévision: Emissions et séries: Science-fiction et fantastique: Stargate SG1 (1)

  4. Henri Leclerc Camera - Offers retail photographic services including photo prints, film processing, and sales of digital and conventional film cameras. Three locations in the Quebec city region. -- Regional: North America: Canada: Quebec: Localities: Q: Quebec City: Business and Economy (1)

  5. Quebec movie theaters nix 'Clones' - [CNN] -- News: Online Archives: 2002: May: Entertainment (1)

  6. Falardeau, Pierre - Contient des informations sur cet indépendantiste Québécois ayant produit les films "Elvis Gratton", "Octobre", "15 février 1839", "Le Party" et écrit des livres tels que "La liberté n'est pas une marque de yogourt". -- World: Français: Arts: Audiovisuel: Cinéma: Réalisateurs: F (1)

  7. Falardeau, Pierre - Contient des informations sur cet indépendantiste ayant produit les films Elvis Gratton, Octobre, 15 février 1839, Le Party et écrit des livres tels que La liberté n'est pas une marque de yogourt. -- World: Français: Régional: Amérique: Canada: Québec: Arts et culture: Cinéma: Producteurs (1)

  8. Dvd-québec - Forum de discussion sur le cinéma ,sur les films et sur les télé-series. -- World: Français: Régional: Amérique: Canada: Québec: Actualité et médias: Télévision (1)

Yvette Cooper

Yvette Cooper (born March 20, 1969) is a Labour politician in the United Kingdom. She has been the member of Parliament for Pontefract and Castleford since the 1997 election. She is currently a Parliamentary Under-Secretary of State at the Office of the Deputy Prime Minister.

She is married to Ed Balls, MP for Normanton and former advisor to the Treasury.

  1. Progressive Labour Party - NSW - Top/Regional/Oceania/Australia/Society_and_Culture/Politics/Parties/Progressive_Labour_Party -- Regional: Oceania: Australia: Society and Culture: Politics: Parties: Progressive Labour Party (2)

  2. Brock University - Department of Labour Studies - Program builds on the disciplines of Economics, Politics and Sociology -- Society: Work: Labor Movement: Education (1)

  3. Bristol University Labour Club - Top/Regional/Europe/United_Kingdom/Society_and_Culture/Politics/Parties/Labour/Labour_Students -- Regional: Europe: United Kingdom: Society and Culture: Politics: Parties: Labour: Labour Students (2)

  4. Guardian Unlimited Politics - Ask Aristotle: Labour MPsEditor's Choice - Profiles of individual Labour MPs, listed alphabetically, includes biographies, voting record and electoral history. --,9369,-145,00.html Regional: Europe: United Kingdom: Society and Culture: Politics: Parties: Labour: MPs (2)

  5. Monetary Politics, Guild Labour-Strife, and Compulsory Arbitration during the Decline of the Late-Medieval Flemish Cloth Industry - Paper exploring the impact of the Count of Flanders' monetary and wage policies upon the Flemish woollen cloth manufacturing industry during its period of decline from 1390 to 1435. Text abstract. Full article on PDF document. Author: John H. Munro. -- Business: Textiles and Nonwovens: Resources: History: Industry (1)

  6. The Observer: Labour morality guru compares fox-hunting to rape - The Rev Andrew Linzey, Oxford professor of ethics, theology and animal welfare (post funded by the IFAW) contends in a report for the Christian Socialist Movement that hunting is morally equivalent to rape, child abuse and torture. Tony Blair, Tessa Jowell and Ben Bradshaw are members of the CSM. --,6903,967929,00.html Regional: Europe: United Kingdom: Society and Culture: Politics: Issues: Hunting Bills: News and Media: 2003: June (4)

Yvette D. Clarke

Brooklyn's 40th councilmanic district elected Yvette Diane Clarke the New York City Council in 2001. She succeeded her mother, former City Councilmember Una S.T. Clarke. In Ms. Clarke's district, she has instituted an HIV/AIDS Task Force, a Sanitation Task Force, a Youth Task Force and organized an Ad Hoc Clergy Committee.

Upon graduating high school, Clarke earned a scholarship to Oberlin College in Ohio, where she received a B.A. in 1986. She also won a Congressional internship in 1983. Before coming to the City Council, Clarke was Director of Business Development for the Bronx Overall Economic Development Corporation and was the first Director of the Bronx portion of the New York City Empowerment Zone.

For a decade, Una Clarke held the seat her daughter now holds and US Congressman Major Owens broke with Democratic Party leadership to support Una's candidacy. Owens was the only elected official from Brooklyn to do so and he continued to campaign for Una despite the fact that he was then recovering from quintupple bypass heart surgery. At Owen's insistence, the 40th district was drawn in such a way as to help assure the election of the Council's first member of Carribbean descent. In 2000, Una ran to unseat Owens, telling reporters she owed him nothing, but she failed to oust him.

In the 2004 election cycle, Yvette Clarke, with only two and a half years service as an elected official, and the 41st councilmanic district's Tracy L. Boyland both ran for Owen's seat in the 2004 election cycle, an act that many saw as outright betrayal.

Though campaigning as populist Democrats, Yvette and Una Clarke have long maintained ties with prominent New York State Republicans. Under Governor George Pataki, Una has been a staff director for the Empire State Development Corporation, a patronage appointment, and the elder Ms. Clarke spearheaded the 2002 Pataki campaign among New Yorkers of Carribbean descent, despite the fact that Yvette endorsed Pataki oponent H. Carl McCall, the first black ever to be nominated by a major party for governor of New York State. Una became the treasurer of Yvette's campaign for Congress despite the fact that New York City's Campaign Finance Board imposed its largest ever fine ($58,943) on Una Clarke's campaign for City Council (the CFB was later forced to pursue payment of the fine in court). When Una ran against Congressman Owens four years ago, she delayed the disclosure of her major contributors until after she lost the primary, missing federal deadlines in violation of FEC regulations.

  1. Liberal DemocratsEditor's Choice - The official site of the Liberal Democrats, led by Charles Kennedy. Includes news, policies, conference information, biographies and email lists. You can join online. -- Regional: Europe: United Kingdom: Society and Culture: Politics: Parties: Liberal Democrats (317)

  2. Fresno Stonewall Democrats - California club meeting minutes, news, events, and photographs. -- Society: Gay, Lesbian, and Bisexual: Politics: Stonewall Democrats (7)

  3. The English Democrats Party - Campaigning for the creation of an English Parliament and Executive within the United Kingdom with the same powers as the Scottish Parliament and Executive. With extensive policies, forum and news blog. -- Regional: Europe: United Kingdom: Society and Culture: Politics: Parties (27)

  4. Scottish Liberal DemocratsEditor's Choice - The Scottish state party of the federal Liberal Democrats. Includes details of all the Local Parties in Scotland, and all the Liberal Democrat Members of the Scottish Parliament. -- Regional: Europe: United Kingdom: Scotland: Society and Culture: Politics: Parties: Liberal Democrats (21)

  5. Welsh Liberal Democrats - Democratiad Rhyddfrydol CymruEditor's Choice - Information about Liberal Democracy in Wales. Include party press releases, county councillor database and policy documents and information about Westminster, the Welsh Assembly and local government. -- Regional: Europe: United Kingdom: Wales: Society and Culture: Politics: Parties: Welsh Liberal Democrats - Democratiaid Rhyddfrydol Cymru (16)